Centennial (German Edition)


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It was against the arts' class snobbery

Eric Weitz has written the authoritative history that this fascinating and complex period deserves, and he illuminates the uniquely progressive achievements and even greater promise of the Weimar Republic. Weitz reveals how Germans rose from the turbulence and defeat of World War I and revolution to forge democratic institutions and make Berlin a world capital of avant-garde art.

Weimar Germany also shows that beneath this glossy veneer lay political turmoil that ultimately led to the demise of the republic and the rise of the radical Right. Featuring a new preface, this comprehensive and compelling book demonstrates why Weimar is an example of all that is liberating and all that can go wrong in a democracy. Read more Read less. Frequently bought together.

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Before the Deluge: Portrait of Berlin in the s, A. Otto Friedrich. Weimar Culture: The Outsider as Insider. Peter Gay. The Weimar Republic Sourcebook. Anton Kaes. Mel Gordon. Review "Weitz effortlessly blends politics and economics, philosophy and literature, art and architecture in a gripping portrait of a culture whose pathology was exceeded only by its creativity. Read more. Chance to win daily prizes. Get ready for Prime Day with the Amazon App.

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Why World War I is Germany's forgotten conflict

Write a customer review. Showing of 44 reviews. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Format: Paperback Verified Purchase. This is an exceptionally well done and complete work on the Weimar period. It is structured along various themes such as politics, architecture, communications moral changes, economy etc.

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The author's work is quite readable and generally balanced and complete. This period is of significant interest even in today's world. Germany was defeated and pressured by France and others to pay their due. In the midst of this is a total restructuring of the politics of a country which is relatively new, a former collection of semi-independent principalities. Germany was trying to become Germany, and there was a mass of over 40 competing parties from one extreme to the other.

The author does a great job describing the major differences and the art work accompanying this is tremendous. The evolution of new cultural elements, some extreme, are also well presented. Architecture has always been one of the key elements of cultural evolution and here the author does a fine job.

English-German translation for "centennial"

If one wants to understand Weimar, this is a worth contribution. Weitz has written a great book about a very important subject. He examines the political, social and cultural aspects of the Weimar Republic so that we can compare and contrast them with our own. Weimar Germany was born from the ashes of World War One, and was troubled by inherent problems right from the beginning. Weitz identifies the main weakness of the Weimar Republic as right wing elements such as the Junkers, the officer class and big business.

He claims these elements never supported the idea of democracy and remained throughout the 15 years of its existence at best grudging, lukewarm supporters. He describes how the conservatives conspired to put Adolf Hitler in power in January, , thinking they could control him. Needless to say, reality unfolded the other way around. Weitz describes how there were strong racist and anti-Semitic trends in Weimar Germany outside the Nazi Party, left over from Imperial Germany, and foreshadowing the Third Reich. There are illustrations of right wing, non-Nazi posters describing the horrors of French occupation and Bolshevism in blatantly racist images, for example.

Weitz takes a really interesting look at the architecture, art and philosophy of Weimar, showing how trends in those fields both conformed to and led the worldwide trends. Weitz shows how democracy should have worked in Weimar: "Germans went to the polls on 31 July The Nazis received They now became Germany's largest party and had delegates sitting in the Reichstag.

They celebrated their triumph, but it is worth underscoring the fact that they did not achieve, and never would achieve, a majority in a freely contested election. But he also sought to prepare the soldiers for the vast changes at home. The old rulers, who had weighed like a curse on Germany, have been shunted aside by the German people. We are now the masters of our own destiny, he claimed, and the future of German freedom rests on you, the returning soldiers. We were thinking of you when we cleared out that doomed system.

For you we fought for freedom, for you we've established the rights of labor. Our "unhappy country has become poor," and the victors burden us with harsh demands. More than thirteen million men, Nearly eight million of them were still in arms on 11 November , when the armistice was signed. They had gone to war, so they had been told, to defend the Fatherland against the barbaric Russians, who threatened to wreak chaos and destruction on German soil; against the Belgians and French, who had designs on German land and German women; against the British and Americans, who coveted German goods and feared German economic competition.

Not all Germans had gone to war willingly; in the summer of , stirring calls for peace and negotiations had also resounded in towns and cities. There were pacifists like the young architect Bruno Taut and radical socialists like Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, who opposed the conflict as the ultimate manifestation of capitalism's inhumanity. But those voices were ultimately drowned out by the headlong rush to war spearheaded by Kaiser Wilhelm II, his generals, and his civilian government.

However much democracy had progressed in Germany in the decades before World War I, the army and the government still served at the behest of the kaiser, not of the Reichstag and certainly not of the electorate. No soldier drafted into the German army in World War I began his march home on 11 November as the same man he had been in or or even in September and October , when draftees were still being sent to the front. No returning soldier found his family and his village, town, or city in the same condition as he had left it.

The sheer number of casualties had been too great.

Centennial Hall - Wikipedia

In Elkenroth, a tiny village of about people in Rheinland-Pfalz, 91 men served in the army during the war, 21 percent of whom died and another 23 percent of whom came back wounded. Every inhabitant of the village was directly affected by the loss of life or the physical and psychic damage of the war.

All told, roughly 2 million German men were killed and 4. Around 19 percent of the entire male population were direct casualties of the violence of the war. Many of the survivors lived the rest of their lives with appalling physical and psychological wounds.

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Some were spirited away by their families or attempted of their own volition to endure life in bitter isolation from society. Yet the war-wounded, masks covering faces that had been blown away, dark glasses covering blinded eyes, wheelchairs replacing the gait of the walker, were everywhere visible on the streets of Germany's cities and towns in the postwar decade.


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Physicians had to deal also with a new "disease," shell shock, the autism and tremors that soldiers developed in reaction to ceaseless bombardments in damp and dirty trenches. When the soldiers disembarked from the trains that eventually carried them home, they found that the women left behind had endured their own ordeal.

Sir Richard J Evans - German National Identity

Everywhere food rationing had been instituted by the spring of , but food shortages nonetheless became the daily reality. In the winter of —17, children five to seven years old in Essen were allotted only one-quarter liter of milk three times per week. The city authorities noted that the bread was almost unpalatable because of all sorts of additives — bean flour and sometimes even sawdust — used to compensate for the shortages of wheat and rye.

The infamous "turnip winter" of —17 was indeed reality for many Germans. Many years later, one man, a schoolboy during the war, remembered eating turnips for breakfast, unpacking the school lunch his mother had sent him to find turnips, and going home to a dinner of still more turnips. Women had also gone to work in the munitions factories.

Centennial (German Edition) Centennial (German Edition)
Centennial (German Edition) Centennial (German Edition)
Centennial (German Edition) Centennial (German Edition)
Centennial (German Edition) Centennial (German Edition)
Centennial (German Edition) Centennial (German Edition)
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